Biomarkers of post-discharge mortality amongst kids with sophisticated extreme acute malnutrition


Black, R. E. et al. Maternal and baby undernutrition and obese in low-income and middle-income nations. Lancet 382(9890), 427–451 (2013).


Liu, L. et al. International, regional, and nationwide causes of under-5 mortality in 2000–15: an up to date systematic evaluation with implications for the Sustainable Improvement Objectives. Lancet 388(10063), 3027–3035 (2016).


Pelletier, D. L. et al. The results of malnutrition on baby mortality in creating nations. Bull World Well being Organ 73(four), 443–eight (1995).


Caulfield, L. E. et al. Undernutrition as an underlying trigger of kid deaths related to diarrhea, pneumonia, malaria, and measles. Am J Clin Nutr 80(1), 193–198 (2004).


Nair, H. et al. International and regional burden of hospital admissions for extreme acute decrease respiratory infections in younger kids in 2010: a scientific evaluation. Lancet 381(9875), 1380–1390 (2013).


Man, W. D. C. et al. Dietary standing of kids admitted to hospital with completely different ailments and its relationship to end result in The Gambia, West Africa. Trop Med Int Well being three(eight), 678–686 (1998).


Walson, J. L. & Berkley, J. A. The influence of malnutrition on childhood infections. Curr Opin Infect Dis 31(three), 231–236 (2018).


WHO. Guideline: Updates on the Administration of Extreme Acute Malnutrition in Infants and Youngsters (World Well being Group, Geneva, 2013).


Bachou, H. et al. Discount of pointless transfusion and intravenous fluids in severely malnourished kids will not be sufficient to cut back mortality. Ann Trop Paediatr 28(1), 23–33 (2008).


Brewster, D. R. Inpatient administration of extreme malnutrition: time for a change in protocol and observe. Ann Trop Paediatr 31(2), 97–107 (2011).


Web page, A.-L. et al. Infections in kids admitted with sophisticated extreme acute malnutrition in Niger. PLoS One eight(7), e68699 (2013).


Maitland, Ok. et al. Youngsters with extreme malnutrition: can these at highest threat of demise be recognized with the WHO Protocol? PLOS Drugs three(12), e500 (2006).


Moisi, J. C. et al. Extra baby mortality after discharge from hospital in Kilifi, Kenya: a retrospective cohort evaluation. Bull World Well being Organ 89(10), 725–32, 732A (2011).


Ngari, M. M. et al. Mortality after inpatient remedy for extreme pneumonia in kids: a cohort research. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 31(three), 233–242 (2017).


Wiens, M. O. et al. Postdischarge mortality in kids with acute infectious ailments: derivation of postdischarge mortality prediction fashions. BMJ Open 5(11) (2015).


Chhibber, A. V. et al. Little one mortality after discharge from a well being facility following suspected pneumonia, meningitis or septicaemia in rural Gambia: a cohort research. PLoS One 10(9), e0137095 (2015).


Veirum, J. E. et al. Elevated mortality within the 12 months following discharge from a paediatric ward in Bissau, Guinea-Bissau. Acta Pædiatrica 96(12), 1832–1838 (2007).


Wiens, M. O. et al. Pediatric post-discharge mortality in useful resource poor nations: a scientific overview. PLoS One eight(6), e66698 (2013).


Berkley, J. A. et al. Every day co-trimoxazole prophylaxis to stop mortality in kids with sophisticated extreme acute malnutrition: a multicentre, double-blind, randomised placebo-controlled trial. Lancet Glob Well being four(7), e464–e473 (2016).


Dubray, C. et al. Remedy of extreme malnutrition with 2-day intramuscular ceftriaxone vs 5-day amoxicillin. Ann Trop Paediatr 28(1), 13–22 (2008).


Kerac, M. et al. Probiotics and prebiotics for extreme acute malnutrition (PRONUT research): a double-blind efficacy randomised managed trial in Malawi. Lancet 374(9684), 136–44 (2009).


Trehan, I. et al. Antibiotics as a part of the administration of extreme acute malnutrition. N Engl J Med 368(5), 425–35 (2013).


Nemetchek, B. et al. Paediatric postdischarge mortality in creating nations: a scientific overview. BMJ Open eight(12), e023445 (2018).


Bourke, C. D., Berkley, J. A. & Prendergast, A. J. Immune dysfunction as a trigger and consequence of malnutrition. Traits Immunol 37(6), 386–398 (2016).


Tate, J. R. et al. Harmonising grownup and paediatric reference intervals in australia and new zealand: an evidence-based strategy for establishing a primary panel of chemistry analytes. Clin Biochem Rev 35(four), 213–35 (2014).


Karita, E. et al. CLSI-derived hematology and biochemistry reference intervals for wholesome adults in Jap and Southern Africa. PLoS One four(2), e4401 (2009).


Hickmans, E. M., Finch, E. & Tonks, E. Plasma protein values in infants. Arch Dis Little one 18(94), 96–97 (1943).


Elias, J. E. & Gygi, S. P. Goal-decoy search technique for elevated confidence in large-scale protein identifications by mass spectrometry. Nat Strategies four, 207 (2007).


Bartz, S. et al. Extreme acute malnutrition in childhood: hormonal and metabolic standing at presentation, response to remedy, and predictors of mortality. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 99(6), 2128–37 (2014).


Rytter, M. J. H. et al. The immune system in kids with malnutrition—a scientific overview. PLoS One 9(eight), e105017 (2014).


Jones, Ok. D. J. & Berkley, J. A. Extreme acute malnutrition and an infection. Paediatr Int Little one Well being 34(Suppl 1), 1–29 (2014).


Vandal, Ok. et al. Blockade of S100A8 and S100A9 suppresses neutrophil migration in response to lipopolysaccharide. J Immunol 171(5), 2602–2609 (2003).


Huang, H. & Tu, L. Expression of S100 household proteins in neonatal rats with sepsis and its significance. Int J Clin Exp Pathol eight(2), 1631–9 (2015).


Simm, M. et al. Efficiency of plasma calprotectin as a biomarker of early sepsis: a pilot research. Biomark Med 10(eight), 811–818 (2016).


Jonsson, N. et al. Calprotectin as an early biomarker of bacterial infections in critically sick sufferers: an exploratory cohort evaluation. Crit Care Resusc 19(three), 205–213 (2017).


Kitabayashi, A. et al. Granulocyte colony-stimulating issue downregulates allogeneic immune responses by posttranscriptional inhibition of tumor necrosis factor- alpha manufacturing. Blood 86(6), 2220–2227 (1995).


Hartung, T. et al. Impact of granulocyte colony-stimulating issue remedy on ex vivo blood cytokine response in human volunteers. Blood 85(9), 2482–2489 (1995).


Opal, S. M. et al. Relationship between plasma ranges of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and LPS-binding protein in sufferers with extreme sepsis and septic shock. J Infect Dis 180(5), 1584–1589 (1999).


Zweigner, J. et al. Excessive concentrations of lipopolysaccharide-binding protein in serum of sufferers with extreme sepsis or septic shock inhibit the lipopolysaccharide response in human monocytes. Blood 98(13), 3800–3808 (2001).


Rogers, C. L. & Rozanski, E. A. Von Willebrand Issue antigen focus in canines with sepsis. J Vet Intern Med 24(1), 229–230 (2010).


Kasten, Ok. R. et al. T cells are potent early mediators of the host response to sepsis. Shock 34(four), 327–336 (2010).


Dufour, J. H. et al. IFN-γ-Inducible Protein 10 (IP-10; CXCL10)-deficient mice reveal a task for IP-10 in effector T cell era and trafficking. J Immunol 168(7), 3195–3204 (2002).


Attia, S. et al. Mortality in kids with sophisticated extreme acute malnutrition is expounded to intestinal and systemic irritation: an observational cohort research. Am J Clin Nutr 104(5), 1441–1449 (2016).


Reynolds, J. V. et al. Impaired intestine barrier operate in malnourished sufferers. Br J Surg 83(9), 1288–1291 (1996).


Amadi, B. et al. Impaired barrier operate and autoantibody era in malnutrition enteropathy in Zambia. EBioMedicine 22, 191–199 (2017).


Friedman, J. M. & Halaas, J. L. Leptin and the regulation of physique weight in mammals. Nature 395, 763 (1998).


Klok, M. D., Jakobsdottir, S. & Drent, M. L. The function of leptin and ghrelin within the regulation of meals consumption and physique weight in people: a overview. Obes Rev eight(1), 21–34 (2007).


Lord, G. M. et al. Leptin modulates the T-cell immune response and reverses starvation-induced immunosuppression. Nature 394, 897 (1998).


SÁNchez-Margalet, V. et al. Position of leptin as an immunomodulator of blood mononuclear cells: mechanisms of motion. Clin Exp Immunol 133(1), 11–19 (2003).


Santos-Alvarez, J., Goberna, R. & Sánchez-Margalet, V. Human leptin stimulates proliferation and activation of human circulating monocytes. Cell Immunol 194(1), 6–11 (1999).


Mody, A. et al. Results of HIV an infection on the metabolic and hormonal standing of kids with extreme acute malnutrition. PLoS One 9(7), e102233 (2014).


Popa, C. et al. Markers of irritation are negatively correlated with serum leptin in rheumatoid arthritis. Ann Rheum Dis 64(eight), 1195–eight (2005).


Pérez-Pérez, A. et al. Position of leptin as a hyperlink between metabolism and the immune system. Cytokine Development Issue Rev 35, 71–84 (2017).


Abella, V. et al. Leptin within the interaction of irritation, metabolism and immune system issues. Nat Rev Rheumatol 13, 100 (2017).


Ahima, R. S., Prabakaran, D. & Flier, J. S. Postnatal leptin surge and regulation of circadian rhythm of leptin by feeding. Implications for vitality homeostasis and neuroendocrine operate. J Clin Make investments 101(5), 1020–1027 (1998).


Ruggeri, Z. M. The function of von Willebrand Consider thrombus formation. Thromb Res 120(Suppl 1), S5–S9 (2007).


van Mourik, J. A. et al. von Willebrand Issue propeptide in vascular issues: a instrument to differentiate between acute and continual endothelial cell perturbation. Blood 94(1), 179–185 (1999).


Gragnano, F. et al. The function of von Willebrand Consider vascular irritation: from pathogenesis to focused remedy. Mediators Inflamm 2017, 5620314 (2017).


Kremer Hovinga, J. A. et al. ADAMTS-13, von Willebrand issue and associated parameters in extreme sepsis and septic shock. J Thromb Haemost 5(11), 2284–2290 (2007).


Cleland, S. J. et al. Endothelial dysfunction as a attainable hyperlink between C-reactive protein ranges and heart problems. Clin Sci 98(5), 531–535 (2000).


Hingorani, A. D. et al. Acute systemic irritation impairs endothelium-dependent dilatation in people. Circulation 102(9), 994–9 (2000).


Stenvinkel, P. Endothelial dysfunction and irritation—is there a hyperlink? Nephrol Dial Transplant 16(10), 1968–1971 (2001).


Lu, H. et al. Construction and capabilities of angiotensinogen. Hypertens Res 39, 492 (2016).


Lee, J. W. Fluid and electrolyte disturbances in critically sick sufferers. Electrolyte Blood Press eight(2), 72–81 (2010).


Chistiakov, D. A. et al. Paraoxonase and atherosclerosis-related cardiovascular ailments. Biochimie 132, 19–27 (2017).


Huang, D. W., Sherman, B. T. & Lempicki, R. A. Systematic and integrative evaluation of huge gene lists utilizing DAVID bioinformatics assets. Nat. Protocols four(1), 44–57 (2008).


WHO. Pocket e-book for hospital care of kids: pointers for the administration of widespread sickness with restricted assets (2005).


Cox, J. & Mann, M. MaxQuant allows excessive peptide identification charges, individualized p.p.b.-range mass accuracies and proteome-wide protein quantification. Nat Biotech 26(12), 1367–1372 (2008).


Cox, J. et al. Andromeda: A peptide search engine built-in into the MaxQuant atmosphere. J Proteome Res 10(four), 1794–1805 (2011).


Benjamini, Y. & Hochberg, Y. Controlling the false discovery charge: a sensible and highly effective strategy to a number of testing. J R Stat Soc Collection B Stat Methodol 57(1), 289–300 (1995).


Staff, R. C. R: A language and atmosphere for statistical computing. R Basis for Statistical Computing (2017).


Stata Corp. STATA survival evaluation reference handbook launch 15, S. Press, Editor. Stata Press, p. 475 (2017).


Vizcaino, J. A. et al. ProteomeXchange supplies globally coordinated proteomics knowledge submission and dissemination. Nat Biotech 32(three), 223–226 (2014).

Supply hyperlink

wordpress autoblog

amazon autoblog

affiliate autoblog

wordpress web site

web site improvement

Show More

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *