Education

50 Examples Of Analogies For Important Considering –

50 Examples Of Analogies For Important Considering

by Terry Heick

In our information to educating with analogies, we supplied concepts, definitions, classes, and examples of analogies.

This put up is a extra particular model of that article the place we focus particularly on sorts and examples of analogies quite than educating with analogies extra broadly. Under, we provide greater than 20 several types of analogies and examples of sort of analogy as nicely–which leads to practically 100 examples of analogies general.

Observe that as a result of an analogy is solely a sample established by the character of a relationship between two ‘issues,’ there are an infinite variety of sorts of analogies. You possibly can, for instance, arrange an analogy by pairing two objects solely loosely related–brick and street, for instance: a brick is to a street as…

In fact, analogies are finest solved by making a sentence that precisely captures the ‘truest and finest’ essence of the connection of the primary two objects within the analogy. So within the above brick/street instance, you may say that ‘bricks was once used to create roads,’ at which level every kind of prospects emerge: Bricks was once used to create roads as glass was once used to create bottles, yielding the analogy:

Bricks : Street :: Glass : Bottle

You possibly can additionally use this in a selected content material space–Social Research, for instance:

Bricks : Street :: Pamphlets : Propoganda

Language Arts?

Bricks : Roads :: Couplets : Sonnets? Possibly, however this leaves out the important ‘was once…’ bit.

You get the concept. By forcing college students to distill one relationship as a way to perceive one other, it’s virtually unimaginable to precisely remedy analogies with out not less than some type of understanding–except you employ a number of selection, wherein case a fortunate guess may do the trick.

Now, that’s a purposely far-fetched instance. In most educating and studying circumstances like programs and lecture rooms, analogies are utilized in frequent kinds which can be kind of apparent: half to entire, trigger and impact, synonym and antonym, and so forth. This makes them much less subjective and inventive and simpler to attain on a multiple-choice query and might cut back the subjectivity of truly nailing down the unsure relationship between ‘bricks’ and ‘roads.’ It turns into a lot simpler while you use one thing with a extra clear relationship, like ‘sapling is to tree as zygote is to…’

In fact, this misses the genius of analogies: asking college students to see–and typically even create–the connection between issues quite than ‘selecting’ the ‘sort’ of analogy. Analogies are sensible educating and studying instruments that we use the entire time in on a regular basis life to clarify one thing by explaining one thing else.

(In case you’d prefer to learn extra about this concept, I mentioned it in some in ‘Why Questions Are Extra Vital Than Solutions.’) And it’s at this level that it appears like exploring learn how to use analogies for important considering is perhaps extra fascinating than merely providing forms of analogies, however for the sake of packaging and time, I’ll end this put up and re-address the ‘analogies for important considering’ bit later.

Why Analogies Are Worthwhile For Studying

Within the information to educating with analogies proven above, I defined that, “Educational analogies are helpful for educating and studying as a result of they require college students to investigate a factor (or issues), after which switch that evaluation that evaluation to a different factor. This sort of switch requires not less than some type of conceptual grasp–understanding.”

I went on to supply that “This makes them helpful for evaluation, however they will also be used as an efficient studying technique as nicely. As college students create incorrect analogies, analyze the relationships their analogies are suggesting, after which right them accordingly, college students are grappling with concepts, monitoring and revising their considering, and in any other case actively take into account the usually complicated relationships between disparate issues.”

In truth, we’ve begun utilizing analogies in our TeachThought College programs. They’re genius little instruments to each trigger and measure understanding. And whereas there are some frequent forms of analogies that you just (and college students) will see mostly, (antonyms, classes, half to entire, trigger and impact, and so forth.), the reality is that except two objects or concepts signify a completely distinctive circumstance that doesn’t exist anyplace else within the universe, there ought to at all times be a similar pairing or counterpart someplace.

Put one other manner, there are practically an infinite variety of analogies and an uncountable variety of forms of analogies. Contemplate the next:

Father : Pops :: Henry VIII : ______?

Tissue: Kleenex :: ______ : ______?

You possibly can name these ‘slang’ analogies however the latter isn’t actually slang. You possibly can say additionally name them ‘extra generally often called’ analogies and even synonyms however that’s fully the essence of the connection both. This can be a distinctive relationship–as so many are. You get the purpose: That there are an unimaginable variety of issues and relationships so there aren’t a set variety of ‘forms of analogies.’

The query for you, as a instructor, is that are probably the most useful so that you can trigger and measure understanding with college students? So for now, we’ve included the most typical forms of analogies after which added in some much less frequent however nonetheless helpful forms of analogies. We’ve tried to make some easy and a few extra complicated simply to show the vary and worth of analogies in important considering.

Some, I’ve added commentary to. Others, I simply included the examples. The overall sample I’ve used is to begin with a easy instance after which create a extra complicated analogy.

Observe, there could also be some disagreement about a number of the ‘solutions’ right here–both from you as a reader or your college students. That’s good! In case your college students are arguing that democracies aren’t truly the ‘reverse’ of a dictatorship, meaning they seemingly not less than vaguely grasp every and arguing in regards to the similarities and variations!

What extra are you able to ask for in introducing or reviewing content material?

50+ Examples Of Analogies For Important Considering

1. Synonym Analogies

Humorous : Humorous :: Hardworking : Diligent

Lead : Information :: Drawing : Illustration

Mother : Mom :: Canine : _______

Newbie : Novice :: Legislation : ______

2. Antonym Analogies

Night time : Day :: Proper : Left

Moist : Dry : Sizzling : Chilly

Open: Closed :: Free : ______

Empiricism : ______ :: Small : Massive

three. Half/Entire Analogies

Electron: Molecule :: Nation : Continent

Toe : Foot :: Finger : Hand

Stars : Galaxy :: Molecules : Object

Knowledge : Scientific Course of :: Thesis Assertion : ______

four. Trigger/Impact Analogies

Spin : Dizzy :: Bounce : Elevate

Honesty: Belief :: Mild : Plant Progress

Itch : Scratch :: Virus : Chilly

Learn : Be taught :: Attempt : Enhance

Rise of Social Messaging : Demise of Electronic mail :: __________: French Revolution

Writing Course of : Concept Group :: Eye Contact : ______

5. Factor/Perform Analogies

Broom : Sweep :: Paintbrush : Paint

Freezer: Freeze :: Paper Towel : Wipe

Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have A Dream” : Civil Rights :: ________ : LBGTQ rights

Gravity : Pull :: Battle : ______

6. Factor/Attribute Analogies

Democracy : Equality :: Monarchy : One Ruler

Water : Moist :: Concrete : Arduous

Mountain : Tall :: Desert : Dry

Sugar : Candy :: Cheetah : Quick

Water : Moist :: Circles : ______

Wall : Bricks :: Sonnet : Strains

Mountain : Tall :: Globalization : _____

7. Factor/Context Analogies (much like Half/Entire and different classes of analogies)

Cello : Symphony :: Creek : Forest

Airplane : Hangar :: Surfboard : Seashore

Area : Farm :: Viewers : Area

Battle : Story :: Emoji : Texting

eight. Instance/Sort Analogies

Orange : Fruit :: Hydrogen : Aspect

Kangaroo : Marsupial : Canine :: Mammal

Ford Mustang : Muscle Automotive :: Subaru BRZ : Sports activities Automotive

Deontology : Ethics: Cubism : Artwork

______ : Immigration Coverage :: iPhone : Smartphone

9. Class/Subcategory Analogies

Phylum : Kingdom :: Aisle : Division

Sonnet: Petrarchan Sonnet :: Rose : Crimson Rose

Form : Quadrilateral :: _______ : Orbit

10. Object/Classification Analogies

Bowl : Dish :: Sword : Weapon

Cat : Feline :: Canine : Canine

Porsche 911 : Sports activities Automotive :: Alligator : Reptile

Rain : Precipitation :: ______ : Rhyme Scheme

12. Truth/Opinion Analogies

Moist : Soaked :: 7 Seconds : Quick

6′ four″ : Tall :: Awake : Sensible

It’s 93 levels : It’s Sizzling :: ________ :

13. Step/Course of Analogies

Evaporation : Water Cycle :: ______ : Evolution

Take a look at Principle : Scientific Course of :: Stir : Make Chocolate Milk

Revision : Writing Course of :: ______ :

______ : Sentence Diagramming

14. Drawback/Answer Analogies

Tape : Paper Tear :: Knee Scrape : Bandaid

Alliteracy : Habits :: Lack of Cardiovascular Endurance : Lack of Train

Local weather Change : Cut back Greenhouse Gases :: ________ : Poverty

15. Image/Referent Analogies

Peace Signal : Hippies :: Crimson Cross: Medical Skilled

To make that a bit extra complicated, take into account Peace Signal : Vietnam :: _____ : ______ the place it may very well be seen that quite simply “The Peace Signal characterised Hippies as…” you rather than “The Peace Signal was seen as a counter-symbol to Vietnam as…”, and so forth. The next instance is equally complicated:

Guillotine: French Revolution :: Faulkner’s use of setting in A Rose for Emily : ________

To reply that, you’d should know whether or not or not it was generally thought of for the guillotine to ‘signify’ the Contemporary Revolution after which additional, precisely how Faulkner used setting in ‘A Rose for Emily.’

16. Producer/Product Analogies

Sheep : Wool :: Milk : Cow

As with others, the primary analogy is easy:

Cow : Milk :: Beehive : Honey

The second units up at easy (Producer/Product) however the second half asks the scholar to suppose (and know) extra:

Cow: Milk :: Industrialism : _____

Clearly, these might be subjective however in the event you use this to your benefit (in a debate or dialogue, or by asking the scholar to defend their selections, for instance) that’s a very good factor. It’s also possible to use a multiple-choice format to scale back a few of this subjectivity in the event you want thinks good and tidy in a lesson or evaluation.

17. Noun/Adjective Analogies

Lemon : Yellow :: Snow : White

Flamingo : Pink :: Rhinocerus : Gray

Cardinal : Crimson :: Irony : ______

18. Activity/Subtask Analogies

Kick : Soccer :: Dribble : Basketball

Plan : Prioritize :: Lead : Talk

Drive : Steer :: Stay : Breathe

19. Varieties Of Measurement Analogies

Vegetable Harvest : Bushels :: Liquid : Gallon

Geometric Form : Levels :: Marine Distance : Nautical Miles

Metropolis : Blocks :: Farms : Acres

20. End the Set or Sequence Analogies

Salt : Pepper :: Peas : Carrots

2 : eight :: 5 : 20

21. Energy & Weak spot Analogies

Lighthouse : Brightness :: Flashlight : Portability

Ample Provide : Photo voltaic Power :: Low Value : Coal

Potential Earnings : Capitalism :: ______ : Synthetic Intelligence

Plastic : Air pollution :: Greed : ______

22. Spatial Relationship (e.g., Geography) Analogies

South America : North America :: Eire : ______

Flooring : Ceiling :: Conclusion : Introduction

Peanut Butter : Bread :: Chapters : E-book Covers

23. Rising or Reducing Depth Analogies

Cool : Chilly :: Heat : Sizzling

Aggressive : Fierce :: Amused : Elated

Instability : Turmoil :: Change : Revolution

Pace of Sound : Pace of Mild :: ______ : Gammar Ray Bursts

24. Factor/Group Analogies (much like Half/Entire Analogies)

Fish : Faculty :: Lion : Pleasure

Flock : Birds :: Pack : Wolves

Individuals : Group :: Tree : Forest

25. Rhyme Analogies

Bounce : Bump :: Wire : Hearth

Ship : Blip :: Cease : Lop


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